Preterm birth is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age, the cause is not known. Preterm infants usually show physical signs of prematurity. As a result, they are at risk for several medical problems such as neurological problems, Cardiovascular, Respiratory problems and learning problems.
The Children born very preterm (VPT) often have working memory deficits. learning a motor skills is the main objectif of those who are intersted in children’s difficulties.
According to Jongbloed-Pereboom & al (2017), Children learned implicitly and explicitly, evidenced by decreased movement dura-tion of the sequence over time. In the explicit condition, children also reduced the numberof errors over time. Controls made more errors than VPT children without motor problems.Visual WM had positive effects on both explicit and implicit performance. a results were shown by a studying based on a serial reaction time task in children.
Three groups (6–9 years): 20 VPT children with motor problems, 20VPT children without motor problems, and 20 controls. A nine button sequence was learnedimplicitly (pressing the lighted button as quickly as possible) and explicitly (discovering thesequence via trial-and-error).
Référence: Jongbloed-Pereboom, M., Janssen, A. J., Steiner, K., Steenbergen, B., & Nijhuis-van der Sanden, M. W. (2017). Implicit and explicit motor sequence learning in children born very preterm. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 60, 145-152.