Learning implicitly without errors


University of study: Birmingham University.

Population: Sport science students aged 20 to 33 years.

Introduction: School is a learning medium, how learning depends on several factors. At the end of the 19th-century teachers started to use a method of learning to improve learning and the objective is the same. By the way, Social Development Theory shows that social interaction allows cognitive development let’s take an example: Vygotsky considered play was Primordial for student learning. Learning can be cognitive, perceptive, motor or linguistique it represents the key of the academic achievement, it’s a basic mechanism of acquiring new, modifying, reinforcing existing knowledge. Traditional study postulates that motor skills are initially acquired explicitly via cognitive processing. This study represents a challenge to overcome the idea that explicit learning is the path to having implicit learning when we talk about learning of skills. Implicit learning (unselective learning) focuses on personal capacity of the learner to make connections, identify patterns in an environment and provide explanations for observations. Though, explicit learning (selective learning) makes use of neurological mechanisms implementing cognitive functions.

Keywords: implicit learning & explicit learning.

Assessment: golf putter.

Conclusion:The results showed that the reduction of errors during learning encourages the use of implicit learning (unselective learning processes).

reference: Maxwell, J. P., Masters, R. S. W., Kerr, E., & Weedon, E. (2001). The implicit benefit of learning without errors. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: Section A, 54(4), 1049-1068.

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